To Formally Approve A Plan Or Agreement

For more information on the Senate`s role in drafting contracts and other international agreements, download the study, treaties and other international agreements: The role of the U.S. Senate prepared by the Congressional Cross-Party Research Service for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. It took ten months for the first nine states to approve the Constitution. The first state to be ratified by a 30-0 unanimous vote on December 7, 1787 was Delaware. The document presented is an approved ratification of the Federal Constitution by the Delaware Convention. The names of state deputies are listed, probably in the hands of an official. The signature of Delaware Congressman Thomas Collins testifies to the validity of the document also bearing the state seal on the left. Delaware`s speed thwarted Pennsylvania`s attempt to be the first to ratify, in the hope of securing the seat of the national government in Pennsylvania. Texan voters approved a revised constitution, as required as part of radical reconstruction, and elected a state government in November 1869. The new legislative power convened the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the U.S. Constitution and ratified the final conditions for readmission to the Union. President Grant signed the Texas Reintroduction Act to Congress on March 30, 1870. The Constitution provides that the President «has the power to enter into contracts by the council and the approval of the Senate, subject to the agreement of two-thirds of the senators present» (Article II, Section 2).

Constitutional advocates have given the Senate some of the power of the treaty to give the president the advantage of the Council and the Senate Council to review the power of the president and preserve the sovereignty of states by giving each state an equal voice in the treaty-making process. As Alexander Hamilton stated in The Federalist, No. 75: «The application of treaties as laws strongly advocates the participation of all or part of the legislative body in office to make them.» The constitutional requirement that the Senate approve a two-thirds majority contract means that successful contracts must be supported that overcomes partisan division.