Anzac Agreement 1944

The Canberra Pact, formally the Australian-New Zealand Agreement, also known as the ANZAC Pact, was a treaty of mutual cooperation between the governments of Australia and New Zealand, signed on 21 January 1944. The pact was not a military alliance, but it was intended to support Australian and New Zealand interests in the post-war world, particularly in the South Pacific. [1] [2] This was the «first clear and unequivocal statement of interests of the two Dominions after the war,» and Alister McIntosh described it as «saying the good things in a somewhat false way.» [3] b) International air links should themselves be defined in the international agreement mentioned in the next follow-up clause. 27. Both governments state that no changes to the sovereignty or control system of one of the Pacific Islands should take place unless they are parties or under the conditions they have both accepted. 20. Both governments agree that the creation of the International Air Transport Authority should be achieved through an international agreement. HAVING MET at the Canberra Conference, January 17-21, 1944, January 21, 1944. Under the system set up under such an international agreement, both governments support 22.

In the absence of satisfactory international agreements to establish and regulate the use of international airways, both governments will support a long-distance air system controlled and operated by the Commonwealth governments of the United Kingdom Nations. Australian Foreign Minister H. V. Evatt had criticized Cairo`s 1943 declaration to cede Japanese territories in the North Pacific without consultation or warning to Australia and New Zealand. Evatt wanted to make Australia a dominant power in the South Pacific; The integration of British colonies in the Western Pacific and indefinite security responsibility for Portuguese Timor and the Netherlands, East India. Faced with Britain`s weakness, the United States was the alternative. [4] Evatt is the initiator of the talks that led to the agreement. [5] The agreement was well accepted in Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. However, in Australia and the United States, the pact has been criticized. [5] The United States rejected the Canberra Pact, as it was concluded without consultation, and the pact clearly drew strategic boundaries in the Pacific, which the United States considered elusive for its interests. [8] The Prime Ministers of New Zealand, Peter Fraser, and of Australia, John Curtin, were subjected to a very humiliating disguise on the part of the Secretary of State of Hull in a sign of American discontent. In addition, New Zealand forces were in fact sidelined in the Pacific Operating Room.

[9] 26. Both governments argue that the interim administration and the final elimination of hostile areas in the Pacific are of crucial importance to Australia and New Zealand and that this elimination should take place only with their agreement and under a general Pacific regime. 8. Both governments agree that the final peace settlement for all our enemies should be reached with all countries after hostilities after hostilities.