1900 Buganda Agreement Summary
The third, perhaps most important, development brought about by the agreement was on land. The country had always been a political and economic tool in Buganda, held by the Kabaka on behalf of its people. It was used as a sponsorship tool to command the loyalty of men and chiefs, but apart from the clan`s burial places, it was under the control of the Kabaka. However, with the signing of the 1900 agreement, land was allocated to the Kabaka, his family members and chiefs, in their capacity as holders and individual abilities. The fonal issue was addressed in Article 15, which estimated the total area of the country in Buganda at 19,600 square miles. But the agreement also stipulated that if a survey was conducted and it was established that Buganda had less than 19,600 square miles, «then the part of the country to be entrusted to Her Majesty`s Government must be reduced to its extent by the shortfall in the estimated area.» After the adoption of the agreement, the country was divided into Buganda between Mailo and Kronland. The land of Mailo belonged to the Buganda government and its officials, while kronland belonged to the protectorate government. The Uganda Agreement, 1900 (see Native Agreement and Buganda Native Laws, Laws of the Writing in Buganda and British Overrule 1900-1955), Donald Anthony Low and Robert Cranford Pratt assert that few agreements «were of such importance. Few people were so detailed, few of them acquired such importance in the relationship with the colonial colonies. Unlike the treaties of 1893 and 1894, the Ugandan Agreement of 1900 contained clear boundaries of the Ugandan kingdom, a system of land ownership, and a fiscal policy.  The agreement changed that. The land surface of Buganda, estimated at 19,600 square miles at the time, was divided into four categories by the Kabaka. About 350 square miles went to the king`s property (the Queen Mother and other royals had a few outside), while some were given to the three chiefs and the offices they held. An additional 8,000 square miles were built at the creation of a new country nobility – mainly by collaborators – while the rest was turned into «Kronland», held by the colonial government.